Monday, April 24, 2017

Blast from the past -- printing on fabric 1

Last week my art book club (the one where we never read books) had the theme of printmaking.  I was busy and instead of embarking on a new printmaking endeavor, I found the roll of quilts that included several that I had printed many years ago.  That seemed good enough for government work, so I took them for show and tell.

I was surprised to find one quilt that I had absolutely no recollection of ever making, and some that I had pretty much forgotten about.  But all of them looked fresh and interesting, which made me happy!  These quilts were made as long ago as 2000 and as recently as 2009, and most of them followed the same general recipe: make an interesting abstract fabric background, with fabric paint or discharge, then print letters or numbers from my big collection of old wood and metal printer's type.  I would do the letters one by one, applying fabric paint with a brush and then printing them onto the fabric like a rubber stamp.

I first tried this approach in 2000, making a little wall hangings with people's favorite mantras.  Here's mine -- a comment that I wrote on dozens of essays and stories submitted to me for editing:

True but irrelevant (detail below)

Here's my fathers -- a rule of typography that he must have proclaimed a thousand times in books, speeches and magazine columns:

Never letterspace lowercase

Later that same year I made a quilt for a challenge on the Quiltart list. We were to depict a proverb or saying from Ben Franklin.  I found one in "Poor Richard's Almanac" and came up with this illustration -- one half of my total lifetime production of representational imagery in quilts.  I found a cow on a cheater print fabric and gave her a 3-D ear and tail, but had to come up with Tim on my own.  I made my husband pose on a kitchen chair so I could draw a realistic looking guy, and was so proud because it wasn't too cutesy.

The saying read:  Tim was so learned that he could name a horse in nine languages.  So ignorant that be bought a cow to ride on."

Ben on Tim (detail below)

I'll show you more of my printing on fabric tomorrow.

Sunday, April 23, 2017

My favorite things 17

Perhaps it's because I prefer teflon frying pans, but the half-life of much of my cookware seems to be measured in months.  I am continually having to buy some new "good" pans, smooth enough for fried eggs or delicate fish, while relegating the "not so good any more" pans to low-end duty, browning sausage and such.

Which means it's special that two of my treasured pans are generations old.  The one with the long handle came from my mother-in-law; she gave it to Ken before we were married, along with her recipe for chili, which I think he even made once or twice!  The big one with the black handles came from my grandmother, and I'm not sure how I got possession, but I've had it for decades.

The chili pot hasn't actually been used for chili since I came to direct its use.  But it's my go-to pot for mashed potatoes, for frozen vegetables, for green beans, maybe a small batch of soup, and for anything that needs to be steamed if no other cooker is in use to pop the stuff on top of.

It's a 4-quart aluminum pan, and still has its original lid, although the original handle on the lid is long gone.  Now we use a wine cork, screwing it in through the original screw hole.  The cork wobbles a bit, but usually does the job for a couple of years before it needs to be replaced.  The pan itself is beat up, with lumps in the bottom; the lid sometimes needs to be rotated a bit before it will slip into place.  But I think it's indestructible in all important respects.

The big pot, also aluminum, used to be a pressure cooker.  When I inherited it, there was a huge lid that locked into place, with a rubber flange to seal it, and a little pressure gauge.  I might have tried to cook under pressure once, or maybe not at all, before being scared by the old wives' tales of tomatoes splattered on the ceiling.  The pressure gauge was the first part to disappear, followed in a few years by the lid.  The rubber flange lurked about in the back of a drawer for decades before I pitched it.

So it came down in the world and became just a nice big heavy pot.  It's my go-to for big batches of soup, for spaghetti sauce, for applesauce, for mashed potatoes in quantities that my mother-in-law's pot won't handle.  Although its own lid went MIA long ago, I have another lid that sort of fits, but it does leak a pale essence of spaghetti sauce onto the stove top when that's the plat du jour.  It's permanently stained on the inside, probably from the acid in all those batches of tomato sauce.

Interestingly, both the pans were made by companies that used to be big names but are no longer in existence.  The pressure cooker was "Ward's Best" -- as in Montgomery Ward, the huge retailer who vied with Sears to put out the best mail order catalog in the world, and this pot no doubt came from the catalog.  (And yes, my grandmother's outhouse was supplied with old Ward's catalogs.)  The saucepan was Mirro, the big aluminum cookware producer whose factory was in Manitowoc, just up the road from my husband's home in Milwaukee, so this was a local product.

No doubt I could go to the store and buy replacement pots that would be prettier, with no bumps, with lids that fit, but where would the fun be?  I like the idea that every week I'm using things whose faithful service started before I was even born -- and with any luck may even outlive me, even as they have outlived their manufacturers and their original owners.

Friday, April 21, 2017

Quilts with a twist 2 -- Jane Lloyd

I wrote yesterday about an exhibit at the Portland Museum in Louisville that features two quilt artists.  Jane Lloyd has been in Quilt National several times with her signature spiral technique, as shown in this detail shot.

Jane Lloyd, Noughts and Crosses, 24 x 88", (detail)

She makes a pieced background, puts a large swatch of fabric over the top and free-motion stitches a spiral through all the layers.  Then she takes tiny scissors and painstakingly cuts away a channel of fabric between the stitched lines to leave a skinny spiral (less than 1/4 inch wide), held down with the machine stitching and revealing the pieced background underneath.  In this quilt she has also put hand stitching, and some nylon net on top.

Jane has made a bazillion quilts like this, and several of them are on display in the Portland Museum exhibit.  But she's also tweaking the "recipe" in more recent works.

Here's one with the skinny lines making arch shapes instead of spirals.  And she has not one but two layers of skinny lines: first the small arches, then a tracery of vertical lines on top that form large arches.

Jane Lloyd, Through the Arches, 32 x 55" (detail below)

For many years Jane has been doing a daily collage, with cut-up magazines pasted into notebooks.  I first learned of her practice when she sat in the back seat of my car heading for Athens OH, cutting and pasting.  In fact, her daily collage was an inspiration to me to do the same thing for three years of daily art.

Jane has made photocopies of some of her collages and incorporated them as one layer in complex quilts that also include spirals and skinny lines.

Jane Lloyd, Chin Chin (detail)

Although these quilts are very obviously in the same family as her other spirals, the background collages add an air of mystery and additional complication.  I particularly liked the very thin, illegible fragment of handwriting that appears in Day Journal.

Jane Lloyd, Chin Chin, 22 x 60" (top) and Day Journal, 20 x 74" (bottom) (detail below).

When you have known somebody well for many years, and become familiar with their work and their signature modus operandi, it's always nice to see then throw in a new twist.  I've always admired Jane's work, and it was great to see so much of it in person.

If you're in the Louisville area, check out the show.  Art of Color: A New Grasses Exhibit will be on view at the Portland Museum through May 19.

Thursday, April 20, 2017

Quilts with a twist 1 -- Denise Furnish

I got to see a lovely show last month at the Portland Museum in Louisville KY, featuring two artists from here and two from Ireland.  The artistic partnership between the two regions dates back several years; groups from here have traveled to Northern Ireland for a time of collaboration, and vice versa.  I was thrilled to have two of my good friends in this show: Denise Furnish, who lives about 500 feet from me as the crow flies, and Jane Lloyd, of County Antrim, Northern Ireland, whom I've gotten to know very well, partly because we've shared two road trips to Quilt National, a total of 20 hours together in the car.  Both of them work with quilts, but not exactly your basic quilt-police quilts.

If you had to describe her work in one word, you'd probably call Denise a painter, because she starts with old quilts, some of them in advanced stages of decrepitude, and paints on them with opaque or clear acrylics.  Often the original geometric pattern shows through, either because she enhances it in her painting, or because you can detect the seams through the paint.  After a lot of monochrome pieces in recent years, where the entire quilt ended up the same color, Denise has taken a new direction and painted bold images.

Denise Furnish, Turkey Red White and Blue, 37 x 66", (detail below)

I was drawn to her American flag, of course, since that's such a powerful image in my own work.  You can see the poor condition of the original quilt in the detail shots.

Denise Furnish, Z's Rainbow, 89 x 77", (detail below)

Denise Furnish, The Bed

I'll show you Jane Lloyd's quilts in a subsequent post.

Art of Color: A New Grasses Exhibit will be on view at the Portland Museum through May 19.

Monday, April 17, 2017

Extreme embroidery

A couple of weeks ago I attended a workshop taught by Beth Schnellenberger called "Extreme Embroidery."  Beth has been working in this intensive format for several years, filling every speck of base fabric with hand stitching to make elaborate designs.  I've admired her work and was happy to have her show us the technique.

Happy to report that I have finished the piece that I started in that workshop, hung it at Pyro Gallery last week, and it was sold at the opening reception of our new show.

Here's a detail shot.  I used french knots for the iris, and plain old straight stitches for everything else.  In some areas the straight stitches were neatly aligned in the same direction, but in others they go every which way.  I started with six strands of embroidery floss for the blue and white, then switched to three strands for the rest of the picture.

Beth had us prepare our white cotton base by fusing it onto a felt background, which gave enough stability to stitch through this heavily without puckering.

When I finished, I cut the felt away from the back right at the edge of the stitching, then turned over a quarter-inch of fabric and overcast the edge heavily with black.

I mounted it on a 6x6" canvas; you can't see in this photo but the canvas is 1 1/2 inches deep so it has a good heft on the wall.

I've felt for a long time that eyes are a good motif for me to work with.  I used them a lot in my year of daily hand-stitching, and in my three years of daily collage, so it's kind of a default image when I need to doodle or practice.  I think this little embroidery, which I've called "Desert Eye," may be the first in a series.

Sunday, April 16, 2017

My favorite things 16

On the jamb of our front door, painted over with several coats of different colors, is a mezuzah, installed (I'm sure) by the first owner of the house, who was Jewish.  We're not Jewish, and yet I have a great fondness for that little talisman.

A mezuzah is a two-part item.  The important part is a little parchment scroll inscribed by hand with the Shema Yisroel, the verses from Deuteronomy beginning "Hear O Israel, the Lord is Our God, the Lord is One."  The non-sacred part is the protective case into which the tightly wrapped scroll is placed; the cases come in many different materials and designs.  Ours looks like a traditional Torah scroll case, held up by the triumphant Lion of Judah.

Jews are commanded to place the sacred words on the doorposts of their houses.  That always means the front door, but in some traditions it includes most interior doors as well.  In our house there's just the one.

There's some difference of interpretation as to whether the mezuzah acts as a protective amulet for those who live in the house, or simply as a sign of an observant Jewish household.  (And I suspect that many Christians, if they know about mezuzahs at all, confuse them with the Biblical story of the Jews in Egypt killing a lamb or goat and smearing the blood on their doorposts so God would not kill their firstborn.) I don't exactly believe that ours is shielding us from harm, and it's certainly not signaling a Jewish household.  What I take from its presence is the wording on the scroll, "the Lord is One."

The world has gotten itself into a lot of trouble over the millenia of civilization when one group of people beats up on another, insisting that their god is the boss and everybody else has to knuckle under.  So many lives have been lost in the name of God and I wonder what God thinks of that.  If we truly believed that the Lord is One, could we perhaps realize that people of other religions are just as sincere in their beliefs, and entitled to them, as we are?

Yes, every religion has its fundamentalists, who tend to be super-sanctimonious and super-eager to beat up on anybody who doesn't go along with all the right footnotes.  But I would like to believe that the Lord is One and that most of us on this planet would rather follow His will and live in peace than beat up on others.

Happy Passover / Happy Easter.

Friday, April 14, 2017

A new use for tie-dye

Yesterday Isaac and I dyed Easter eggs, a process that has gotten a lot more complicated since I used to do it with the previous generation.  His mom brought over a kit called "Tie-Dyed Easter Eggs," and I was eager to see what that entailed.

The kit provided a plastic box with an egg-shaped space in the middle, and two four-inch squares of white cotton.  We poked holes in eight places on each side of the space, then wet a square of fabric, wrapped it around the egg, and closed the egg into the plastic box.  Then we sucked up some dye into a dropper with a very tiny tip and squeezed it through the holes into the wet wrapping.  We put different colors into the different holes, and when the fabric looked totally saturated, unwrapped the egg.

It was beautifully dyed, with a few white areas and a lot of pleasant merging of colors.  But we decided, after the first egg, that the plastic box was unnecessary.  For subsequent eggs we just wrapped the wet fabric around the egg and dropped the dye directly onto the fabric, held in hand.

As time went on (we had two dozen eggs) we sometimes dispensed with the fabric, and just dropped the dye onto the egg, or applied it with a finger.

A few times Isaac decided to squirt dye onto the egg and rub it around between his palms.  That worked too.

We just left the last couple of eggs sitting in the dye dishes to make nice dark rings on the bottom end.

The eggs were gorgeous.  So were the two pieces of fabric.  Isaac took one home and I kept one to use in my people project.  I also kept the plastic eyedropper; I've never had one with such a tiny tip and I can think of lots of uses for pencil-thin lines of dye or ink.

What a long way from the Easter eggs of my childhood, when we just dipped them in the dye and they ended up plain pink.  No new technology (except for the useless plastic box) but new imagination, with fabric.  What could be better!

Happy Easter!

Thursday, April 13, 2017

Three months of daily text 3

Conceptual art, which I enjoy both observing and doing, is big on text, and on the manipulation of same.  I decided early in my daily text project that it would be interesting to search out certain words in a given area of the newspaper and see what came up.

My first approach was to find all the people listed on page one for that day.

Next I looked for all the places in that day's obituaries.

Then I looked for an alphabet of proper names.

What I find fascinating about these lists is that they make you think and wonder.  I've done four everybody-on-page-one lists so far.  Trump, of course, is on every one, and so is Stephen Bannon.  But you might be surprised to find George Washington, not once but twice (and his cuz Denzel once).  The usual suspects (James Comey, Hillary Clinton, Barack Obama) are there, and so are the Pope, Warren Buffett, Roger Federer, Etan Patz, King Salman of Saudi Arabia and a bunch of ordinary people in foreign lands, many of them crying.

I plan to repeat these recipes many times in the coming year.  I look forward to seeing how the front page names reflect what's going on in current events, but also the lives of people we'll never hear of again.

Some days, of course, you can't do a decent list piece.  More than once I've looked at the front page only to find lots of stories with hardly any people (doesn't seem possible, but it happens), where all the photos are of oil wells or tornado damage rather than of people.  I've done a couple of alphabet pieces solely because I was fortunate to find a Q and an X, although on one I had to use a lowercase z.  A good day is finding a guy named Xander and a guy named Zaire, going to Qatar for a soccer tournament.

Wednesday, April 12, 2017

Three months of daily text 2

A recurring format in my daily text is to cut haikus (three lines of 5, 7 and 5 syllables) from book pages.  Instead of simply finding three separate lines of the appropriate length and pasting them down, this kind of poem is more difficult.

It's more difficult to find, because the three lines have to appear in their proper order.  And it's more difficult to paste up, because you have to whip out the X-acto knife and cut all the irrelevant words away, leaving just the surrounding page and the words of the poem.

I try to cut long strips of white space between the lines to hold the remaining words in place, but when I use an old book the paper often shreds under the knife or dissolves under the glue stick.  So sometimes the poem isn't as robustly attached to its page as I might like.

Sometimes I'll find a picture to go with the poem.

This format of "found poetry" is the oldest trope in my repertoire.  I started doing this in 2010 or thereabouts.  I did lots of these for gifts and birthday cards.  For a year I participated in an online project called "Haiku Art" in which people wrote a haiku each month to a prompt; I would submit a found poem rather than write my own.

I spent a lot more time on each one then, but it feels familiar to go back to this method every now and then in my daily art.

You can check out all my daily text here.  In the next post: found text lists.

Monday, April 10, 2017

Lots of shelves

My husband flagged a story in Saturday's New York Times about the complicated rules on forgiveness of student loans for people who work in public service.  It grabbed his eye because our daughter-in-law (and her student loans) works for Legal Aid.  When he passed the paper along, I was way more interested in the photo than in the story.

New York Times photo
Here's Jessica Schreiber, who started a nonprofit called Fabscrap, which collects and recycles "pre-consumer textile waste" from designers, garment manufacturers, decorators and others.

I looked up the organization, which is based in New York City, and learned some things I hadn't known.  Such as that in New York, if more than 10% of the waste of a business is textiles, it must recycle.  The waste that Fabscrap collects is sold to designers, students, teachers, artists, sewists and quilters, and I guess anybody else who wants some.  Some are sold online.  Certain materials are shredded for insulation, carpet padding, moving blankets and other industrial products.

Here's the good news for those in the New York area: if you volunteer to help sort the stuff that comes in on the trucks, you can take home anything you want, for free.

But all I could think of when I saw the photo was that Jessica's stash looks kind of lame -- all those shelves, so little fabric!  Any self-respecting quilter of my acquaintance, even me, post-divestiture, could come up with a better-populated backdrop for a fabric-related portrait.

Sunday, April 9, 2017

My favorite things 15

My husband's great-grandfather, William Jones, a Wisconsin farmer, served in the Civil War, the only one of our ancestors on either side of the family to do so.  He fought with Sherman in his march across Georgia, and in one of the last battles of the war at Bentonville, NC.  As they marched through Georgia, living off the land, Willie was on a detail that foraged for food for the troops.  On one memorable day he and his two mates found three barrels of whiskey in a hayloft.  The two mates promptly drank themselves into a stupor, but Willie, a staunch Methodist who neither smoked nor drank, stayed sober and loaded them into the wagon.  After much prayerful consideration he decided to bring the whiskey too, which prompted the colonel to call him "the best damn pilferer in the Union Army."

As the war ended, his general and another general were in a furious race to get to Washington DC in time for the grand victory celebration -- and to be there before the other guy.  The generals, of course, were on horseback, but everybody else was on foot.  Willie was issued a heavy piece of equipment to carry on the forced march and developed a serious hernia before they arrived.

The injury was permanent, and he spent decades trying to get a disability pension, which wasn't awarded until the 1890s -- the grand sum of $16 a month (with, of course, no back pay).  But he still had enough patriotic spirit, apparently, to show up for the 15th anniversary reunion of the 21st Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry regiment.  The souvenir medal shows his colonel, Harrison Hobart, who later served in the Wisconsin state legislature.

Somehow, of Willie's many descendents, we ended up with the medal, which has hung on our family picture wall for decades.

Thursday, April 6, 2017

Three months of daily text 1

It's April, which means I'm more than one-quarter through my daily art project for this year, and I thought it might be time for an update.  My rules for this year are to use found text and paste it onto 4x6 cards in poems or poem-like configurations or other meaningful arrangements of words.  Some of my pieces resemble the collages that I did for three years, but they're way less concerned with the pictures and way more with the words.

Mostly I find my text in the newspaper, which means that a lot of it has to do with politics.  I'll leave that part for another day; if you'd like to read those you can find them on my daily art blog -- look for the orange cards.

Sometimes I'll find an article in the paper that I "retell" in haiku form, often with several 5-7-5 verses rather than just one.  Using multiple verses takes more time than just finding three lines, but it allows me to tell a longer and more interesting story.

I've been collecting certain kinds of word clusters for several months, even before I started this year's project, so I have lots of questions and parenthetical remarks socked away in my files.  Sometimes I'll compose a text with them.

I have lots of "early" words left over from my book project last year, so they occasionally make their way into a daily text.

I'll write more about other forms and formats that I've been using in another post.  Stay tuned!

Tuesday, April 4, 2017

Quiltmaking 101 -- facing your quilt with curved edges

Facing the standard quilt (one with straight edges and square corners) is pretty easy, but recently a friend asked me how she should face a quilt with curvy edges.  Basically you use the same techniques, but with a few tweaks.  Start by reviewing the directions for facing a standard quilt. 

The first step is to trim your quilt to the appropriate smooth curvy edge.  Remember that you'll need an extra half-inch seam allowance to turn under.

Now contemplate your quilt and note just how curvy those edges are.  Lay your quilt out on a cutting mat (or for big quilts, on a floor with straight boards or linoleum pattern) so the curvy edge pretty much follows a straight line and the highest peak of the curved edge falls right at the line.  Now lay a ruler or straight edge on top of the quilt, parallel to the line on your mat or floor, to find approximately where the edge of your facing is going to fall.  Allow two inches of facing below the deepest valley.

This little quilt is aligned at the zero inch mark on the cutting mat.  We'll need to cut the facing 3 1/2 inches wide.

This side has a gentler curve, so the facing only has to be 3 inches wide.

You'll need to remember where to place the facing when it's time to sew.  Before you lift your ruler, put some pins along the edge, every six or eight inches.

Do the same thing for the other sides of the quilt: establish your straight line, pin-mark the edge, and cut facings to the correct width.  Depending on the curves, the facings may be different widths, so make sure you keep track of which facing goes on which side.

Lay the quilt out flat on your work table, good side up.  Place the facing on top of the quilt, right side of the facing against the right side of the quilt.  Line up the inner edge of the facing with your pin marks, making sure that you have the facing smooth and taut along the length of the edge.  The outer edge of the facing should just touch the tops of the curves on the edge of the quilt.

Pin the facing to the quilt, every eight inches or so.   But how do I know where to put the pins, you're saying!  I can't see the edge of the quilt!  That's right, but you can feel it, so you can tell that you've pinned through the facing and the quilt.  Now remove the original pins that were marking the edge of the facing; they've done their job and you want them out of the way.

If you'll recall the standard facing directions that you reviewed earlier, you would hold the facing on top of the quilt as you stitch.  But as you just noticed, you can't see the edge of the quilt, so that would be difficult.  Feeling the edge was accurate enough for pinning, but it isn't accurate enough for sewing.  So turn the quilt over, with the facing on the bottom and the back of the quilt up.

If you have a fussy sewing machine that doesn't like to sew over pins, or if it makes you nervous to sew with pins on the bottom of your work instead of visible on top, you can carefully put new pins on top, then take out the pins on the bottom.  

Now you can sew the entire length of this side of the quilt, leaving a half-inch seam allowance.  Don't use too small a stitch length, because you're going to have to take out some stitches at the corners for the next step and you don't want to shred your fabric.

To sew the second side, pin as you did the first, except when you get to the corner.  As explained in the directions for standard facing, you need to finger-press the turnback for the facing and hold it in place.

Then place the new facing on top, pin and sew.

When you get back to the first corner, you'll need to rip back the stitching on the first facing strip so you can place the fourth strip underneath.  (Just hold it in the same orientation as this photo to make sure you're doing the right thing.)  And you'll cut the first strip off about a half inch past the edge of the fourth strip.

Now trim the facings to a half-inch along the curves.  As explained in the directions for standard facing, rip out the stitches at each corner, fold back the backing and quilt top and clip off a little triangle of the bulky batting and backing.

Restitch the corner.  It looks like this on the other side.

Turn the corner inside out and fold back the facings, feeling and pressing with your thumb and fingers to get everything lying flat. Working from the wrong side of the quilt, turn the facings a bit farther back than the actual fold line so they will not be visible from the front. Pin the facings every one or two inches as you go.

Because of the curves, you'll  have to work those edges more than if they were straight.  Pinch, fold, massage the various layers into submission.  You may find a couple of places where you need to clip the inner layers to let them spread out around a valley, or to notch them to let them cram into a hill.  But DO NOT CUT all the way to the seam, just halfway. You dare not risk that a clip might migrate past the seam and show on the top of your quilt!  And if you need to cut more than one layer, stagger the clips or notches so they're not directly on top of one another.

DO NOT CUT anything unless you first try to fingerpress it into place.  Fabric has a lot of give to it, and with gently curving edges, you may be surprised that you can ease things into place without clipping or notching.  On the other hand, make sure to inspect the right side of your quilt carefully before you proceed.  A place may have felt OK as you were pinning but have an ugly pucker when you look at it closely.  (Like right below that white pin.)

I removed the pins and clipped the inner layers in a couple of places, then repinned.  Much nicer now!

As you can see in the photo above, the facing will have a straight edge toward the center of the quilt, but will vary in width with your curves.  You may want to keep the outer pins in until after you have stitched the facing down.  You may also want to press or block the quilt to set the folded edge more securely.